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Quo Vadis, UK?

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As UK politicians debate carving out their own fiefdoms in the name of English democracy, and we in the UCS contemplate how this might potentially help or hinder a future realm union, here’s my two penn’orth:

Union Flag over Buckingham PalaceThere was a move a decade ago to introduce elected regional assemblies in England. A referendum was held in the North East but roundly defeated. The plans were not federal and contained only very limited tax raising powers. Now, the Left has revived this proposal, perhaps in a more federal form, as the supposed answer to the West Lothian question.

However, I have to say that although I was an early supporter of regional governments, I do have 3 major objections to the plans, even in federal form:

1. They would create built-in Labour and Conservative majorities in most of the country.
2. They would be likely to be dominated by urban conurbations with very different priorities from their rural hinterlands.
3. By denying England its own over-arching demos, they would be designed to kill English national identity, while Celtic nations enhance theirs.

Although I can see the arguments for it, I am not sure I would like to live under a powerful Yorkshire parliament. I think current proposals for devolution to leading cities or rural areas that ask for it is probably the way to go there. And this should take place under an over-arching federation of the four nations. I suspect that pragmatically, this would be more popular and be better for the English economy and identity.

Westminster can set UK wide taxes for the federal government. England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland can then set their own taxes to pay (at least partially) for their national responsibilities. Cities and other special interest regions (like Cornwall, or Rheged), can then have devolved regional governments, if they want them, with limited additional powers, answerable to their local national government.

Although I have always raised the obvious objection to England as being too large to fit comfortably into a federation, I’m no-longer sure this couldn’t be made to work. Within the UK, federal issues would remain a matter for Westminster, which could continue to be constituted as presently, or perhaps with a few more MPs for Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. The national governments would continue to have no say on federal matters, just as regional governments below them would have no formal representation at the national level.

Future realm federation would be gradual and probably along a confederal model anyway. A future Realm Parliament could consist of a British-style House of Commons, and a second revising chamber that gave more influence to smaller states, perhaps consisting of part appointed and part PR members.

I see no reason the upper chamber representation for England couldn’t simply be adjusted to both reflect the country’s large population and prevent it from dominating the upper chamber. The most important chamber would be the Commons anyway, where English MRPs would have up to 40% of the votes. It would then be perfectly fair to give England substantially less say in the revising chamber.

Nick Thompson

Chair Emeritus

28 September 2014

Scottish Independence: A Naive Dream

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As the Society’s Caribbean Representative I cannot help but weigh in on the debate going on in the United Kingdom following the impending referendum on whether Scotland should become an independent nation, which would of course put an end to the entity we now know as the United Kingdom and change the political face of Britain and Europe for years to come (assuming of course that the yes vote is passed), however after taking a look at some of the issues put forward by the Scottish nationalists, I’m convinced that the campaign is more of a scare tactic than anything else filled mostly with anti-English sentiment and does not represent all the facts. I’m by no means blaming the Scottish National Party (SNP) for all the misconceptions out there, but one thing is clear is that the Scots will be by no means better off should the vote go in SNP’s favour.

ballot_box_scotlandMany Anglophobes, not only in Scotland but all over the world, will no doubt be keen to support the ambitions of the SNP to be an independent country for no other reason than the fact that they still view English control of Scotland as a symbol of national subordination. However, those who do take this view do not truly understand the nature of the relationship between the two Kingdoms. In truth England does not dominate Scotland any more than Scotland rules England. The union between the two entities is not a forced one but one of mutual co-operation. Contrary to popular myths told to stir up anti-British sentiments, England has never annexed Scotland. Instead, the union between them is one that was approved by the parliaments of both countries to end hostilities and make the Realm a much stronger union than they would have had had they remained separate. The 1707 Act of Union is every bit Scotland’s doing as it is England’s, in fact, Scotland was keen to have the union of the two Kingdoms just to ensure that the English Parliament didn’t change the rules concerning the royal line of succession, which was in dispute at the time.

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The Last Queen of Scotland

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Tomorrow, the people of Scotland will face perhaps the most important day in their centuries-long history. They will assemble at polling stations to answer a simple, yet simultaneously complex question.

‘Should Scotland be an independent country?’

The United Commonwealth Society has, so far, been silent on the matter of the Scottish referendum. Our official policy, as written on our Proposals page, reads as follows:

The UCS recognises the democratic right of Commonwealth citizens to self-determination, and would welcome an independent Scotland or Quebec into the Commonwealth should their citizens wish to separate. However, it is our preference that both Scotland and Quebec retain their current status within their respective nations.

It is true that, to an extent, that our proposed Commonwealth realm union would not be significantly hindered should Scotland choose to become an independent realm, as those backing independence propose. Should they be interested in joining the union, there will be no barrier to their doing so that would not be faced by any other member. In this sense, therefore, there is no conflict between a ‘Yes’ vote and realm union.

The Union Flag projected on Edinburgh Castle during the REMT

The Union Flag projected on Edinburgh Castle during the Royal Edinburgh Military Tattoo
Photograph: Patrick Grieco

 

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A Marriage Intervention

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I think Scotland’s government is having an affair.

In fact I know that Scotland’s government is having an affair. The subject of the government’s desires, the allure of power, and the illusion of a better life as a single, separated country from the United Kingdom family.

Just like the average married couple who split, but live in the same town, Scotland will keep bumping into the divorced United Kingdom. How awkward!

It will be awkward and will not go as smoothly as planned. What if the UK sees Scotland signing an agreement with a foreign country completely at odds with the UK’s way of thinking? The collection of islands that make up the British Isles could become very, very small. Ask Ireland.

But Scotland’s flirtations with the single life is not entirely her fault. You see, the UK is also to blame. It has neglected Scotland’s emotional needs. Sections of industry have been decimated because of national and global events. Unhelpful policies have been forced onto her and made life extremely hard. Maybe the UK has been too controlling, wanting to know Scotland’s every move, or worse, has the UK given her so much freedom under devolution that Scotland thinks the UK has given up or given the impression that you can live a single life while married.

King James (I / VI) likened the union of crowns to a marriage. A royal, cultural and political marriage.

Flag of the United Kingdom (C) UCS 2014

Flag of the United Kingdom (C) UCS 2014

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